Climate spirals from carbon emissions to global warming line chart

The carbon budget, CO2 concentrations & global-mean concentrations since 1850.

The Carbon Budget Spiral
The Carbon Budget Spiral


The full-length Concentration Spiral
The full-length Concentration Spiral


The Temperature Spiral
The Temperature Spiral


Via openclimatedata.net
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Alex E

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.