Light pollution in Europe: 1992 vs. 2010

Europe at night: 1992 vs. 2010
Europe at night: 1992 vs. 2010


Increase (red) and decrease (blue) in illumination in Europe between 1992 and 2010
Increase (red) and decrease (blue) in illumination in Europe between 1992 and 2010

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Alex E

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.