Manpupuner and the 7 Strong Men Rock Formations

Manpupuner and the 7 Strong Men Rock Formations
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Deemed one of the Seven Wonders of Russia, Komi Republic is home to Manpupuner (Man-Pupu-Nyer), a mysterious site in the northern Ural mountains, in the Troitsko-Pechorsky District, made out of seven rock towers bursting out of the flat plateau known as the “7 strong men“. Manpupuner is a very popular attraction in Russia, but not on an international level and information regarding its origin is scarce. We know however that their height and abnormal shapes make the top of these rock giants inaccessible even to experienced rock-climbers..


Manpupuner and the 7 Strong Men Rock Formations
Image from 1

Manpupuner and the 7 Strong Men Rock Formations
Image from 1

Manpupuner and the 7 Strong Men Rock Formations
Image from 1

Manpupuner and the 7 Strong Men Rock Formations
Image from Leonid Ermakov

Manpupuner and the 7 Strong Men Rock Formations
Image from 1

Manpupuner and the 7 Strong Men Rock Formations
Image from Lev Trusov
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Alex E

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.