The effects of coal on water in the Unated States

The effects of coal on water in the Unated States

America uses 1 billion tons of coal a year

Mining companies use 800-3,000 gallons of water to extract, transport, store, process, dispose 1 ton of coal.

55-75 trillion gallons withdrawn annually that`s roughly equal to the torrent of water that pours over Niagara falls 5 months of the year.
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Alex E

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.