Skip to main content

Which country has the most palm species?

Palms are perennial flowering plants of the Arecaceae family. Nowadays, exists 181 genera with about 2.6 thousand palm species. Most palm trees are distinguished by their broad, compound, evergreen leaves at the top of an unbranched trunk. Palms emerged about 80 million years ago and spread right across the planet. Competition from more recent trees has disposed of palms from many of the ecological niches they once occupied, but they are still predominant in warmer climates. Palms succeed mainly in moist and hot climates of the subtropics and tropics. Their diversity is exceptionally high in wet, lowland forests (2/3 of palm species inhabit humid forests). South America, the Caribbean, South Pacific, and Asia regions have a high concentration of palm species. Only 130 palm species naturally grow outside the tropics, mainly in humid subtropical climates, on hillsides in southern Asia, and along the rimlands of the Mediterranean Sea.

In the northern hemisphere, the northernmost native palm is Chamaerops humilis, which reaches 44°N latitude along the seaside of Liguria in Italy. In the southern hemisphere, the southernmost palm is the Rhopalostylis sapida, which goes 44°S on the Chatham Islands with an oceanic climate.

Alex Egoshin from vividmaps.com analyzes 716583 records on the distribution of palm trees from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) website and found that Colombia has more significant tree species than any other nation. 

Which country has the most palm species?

This tropical nation’s extraordinary biodiversity is likely because of its sweet spot presence in the conjunction of North and South America, the Pacific, and the Caribbean, along with ranging altitudinal zones.

The interactive map you can find here.


Top 10 most widespread palm species by the number of countries in which they occur

#1. The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) - 121 countries
#2. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) - 71 countries
#3. Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) - 54 countries
#4. Manila palm (Adonidia merrillii) - 54 countries
#5. Golden cane palm (Dypsis lutescens) - 49 countries
#6. Senegal date palm or the wild date palm (Phoenix reclinata) - 46 countries
#7. Mexican washingtonia, or skyduster (Washingtonia robusta) - 44 countries
#8. The Canary Islands date palm (Phoenix canariensis) - 40 countries
#9. The Chinese windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei) - 39 countries
#10. The Chinese fan palm or fountain palm (Livistona chinensis) - 36 countries.


Top 10 palm species by the number of occurrence records

#1. Patwa (Oenocarpus batata) - 52802 occurrences
#2. Poktamui (Lepidocaryum tenue) - 35993 occurrences
#3. Geonoma macrostachys - 27996 occurrences
#4. Mountain cabbage palm (Euterpe precatoria) - 24993 occurrences
#5. Rootspine palm (Cryosophila stauracantha) - 22277 occurrences
#6. Geonoma deversa - 21244 occurrences
#7. Iriarte deltoidea - 20490 occurrences
#8. The walking palm (Socratea exorrhiza) - 19913 occurrences
#9. Prestoea acuminata - 17743 occurrences
#10 Urucuri palm (Attalea phalerata) - 14934 occurrences

This post may contain affiliate links. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.


Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Find cities with similar climate

This map has been created using The Global environmental stratification. The Global environmental stratification (GEnS), based on statistical clustering of bioclimate data (WorldClim). GEnS, consists of 125 strata, which have been aggregated into 18 global environmental zones (labeled A to R) based on the dendrogram. Interactive map >> Via www.vividmaps.com Related posts: -  Find cities with similar climate 2050 -  How global warming will impact 6000+ cities around the world?

Map of Fox Species Distribution

Foxes are small to medium-sized members of the Canidae family, which also includes wolves, dogs, and other related animals. There are about 37 species of foxes distributed around the world, and they inhabit a wide range of environments, from forests and grasslands to deserts and urban areas. Below is the map of fox species distribution  created by Reddit user isaacSW Here are some of the most well-known fox species and their distribution: Red Fox ( Vulpes vulpes ): The red fox is one of the most widely distributed fox species and is found in North America, Europe, Asia, and parts of North Africa. They are adaptable and can live in a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and urban areas. Arctic Fox ( Vulpes lagopus ): The Arctic fox is found in the Arctic regions of North America, Europe, and Asia. They have adaptations that help them survive in cold climates, such as a thick coat that changes color with the seasons. Gray Fox ( Urocyon cinereoargenteus ): The gray fox

Moose population in North America

The moose ( Alces alces ) is the largest member of the deer family, characterized by its massive size, long legs, and distinctive broad, palmate antlers found in males. They have a dark brown or black coat and a humped shoulder. Moose are primarily found in the boreal and mixed deciduous forests of North America, Europe, and Asia. They are solitary animals, often found near bodies of water, and are herbivores that feed on leaves, bark, twigs, and aquatic vegetation. Despite their size, moose are strong swimmers and can run up to 35 miles per hour. The moose population in North America is shrinking swiftly. This decrease has been correlated to the opening of roadways and landscapes into this animal's north range.   In North America, the moose range includes almost all of Canada and Alaska, the northern part of New England and New York, the upper Rocky Mountains, northern Minnesota and Wisconsin, Michigan's Upper Peninsula, and Isle Royale.    In 2014-2015, the North American moo