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Arctic death spiral

The Arctic Ocean occupies 14.1 million square kilometers (5.4 million sq mi)  around Earth's North Pole. Historically, most of the surface of the Arctic Ocean stayed ice-covered year-round. Close this core of year-round ice was an edge of seasonal ice that froze each winter and melted each summer. The Arctic ice mass gets its maximum extent in March and its minimum extent in September. According to a preliminary report from the National Snow and Ice Data Center on September 16, 2021, sea ice cover seemed to get its annual summer minimum. The extent of the Arctic Ocean where sea ice concentration was at least 15% was 4.72 million square kilometers (1.82 million sq mi). That's the twelfth-smallest summer minimum on record and  1.5 million square kilometers (579 thousand sq mi) below the 1981-2010 average. created amazing visualization of how to dissolve ice sheet in the Arctic ocean. As Arctic sea ice vanishes, the following feedback effects have already b

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