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Historical range of Brown bear

The brown bear (Ursus arctos) is a large mammal belonging to the bear family Ursidae. It is found in various habitats across the Northern Hemisphere, including North America, Europe, and Asia. Brown bears are known for their distinctive hump on their shoulders, which is a muscle mass used for digging. They have a wide range of fur colors, including shades of brown, black, and even white.

These bears are omnivorous, with diets varying based on their location and the season. They consume a mix of plant matter, berries, insects, and, in some cases, small mammals or fish. Brown bears are solitary animals, except for mothers with cubs, and they are known for their hibernation during the winter months.


The brown bear is a bear that is found across much of northern Eurasia (Europe [Russia, Scandinavia, Caucasus, Romania, Anatolia], Central Asia, China) and North America (United States, Canada).


Notable subspecies of brown bears include the grizzly bear in North America, the Kodiak bear in Alaska, and the Eurasian brown bear in Europe and Asia. Despite their size and strength, brown bears play a crucial role in ecosystems, contributing to seed dispersal and nutrient cycling. Conservation efforts are underway to protect these iconic species and their habitats.

Brown bears were once native to much of Asia, some parts of the Atlas Mountains of Africa, and most of Europe and North America, but are now extinct in some areas and their populations have greatly decreased in other areas. Currently, the brown bear population is approximately 200 thousand individuals.

The largest populations are in Russia with 120 thousand, the U.S. with 32 thousand, Canada with around 25 thousand, and Romania with around 5 thousand.

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