Forests in the world

 According to the FAO, forests cover about 4 million square kilometers (or 15.1 sq mi), about 30 planets of the Earth’s land surface.

Amongst world regions, Europe accounts for one-fourth of the whole forest area, accompanied by South America and North America. South America is the continent with the highest forest cover percentage, while Asia is the continent with the lowest rate of forest cover.

Forests at various latitudes and elevations form different biomes: boreal, temperate, tropical forests. VividMaps.com published a world atlas of different forest biomes.

Forests in the world

Map of Needleleaf forests

Needleleaf forests grow mostly in territories that have long, harsh winters. These forests spread over Canada and northern Europe.

Scarce needle-leaf forests grow in some warmer territories. For example, the Southeastern U.S. states have extensive groves of pines, such as Pinus taeda and Pinus palustris.

Need leaf forests

Evergreen broadleaf forests

Evergreen broad-leaved forests grow in the subtropical, tropical, and equatorial territories of our planet.

Evergreen broadleaf forests


Deciduous broadleaf forests

Deciduous broadleaf forests are a type of temperate forest ‘dominated’ by trees that lose their leaves each year. They are growing in regions with mild, humid summers and cold winters.

Deciduous broadleaf forests

Mixed forests

Mixed forests are a vegetational transition within needle leaf forests and broadleaf deciduous forests.

Mixed forests


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