The companies responsible for the most global carbon emissions

Top twenty corporations have contributed 480 thousand MtCO2e in total carbon emissions, or 35 percent of combined world emissions.


These 20 companies have contributed over a third of all carbon emissions since 1965 (MtCO2e).

The companies responsible for the most global carbon emissions

Top 20 companies (total emission, MtCO₂e)
1. Saudi Aramco (Saudi Arabia) - 59,262
2. Chevro (United States) - 43,345
3. Gazprom (Russia) - 43,230
4. Exxon Mobil (United States) - 41,904
5. National Iranian Oil Co. (Iran) - 35,658
6. BP (United Kingdom) - 34,015
7. Royal Dutch Shell (Netherlands) - 31,948
8. Coal India (India) - 23,124
9. Pemex (Mexico) - 22,645
10. Petroleus de Venezuela (Venezuela) - 15,745
11. PetroChina (China) - 15,632
12. Peabody Energy (United States) - 15,385
13. ConocoPhillips (United States) - 15,229
14. Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. (UAE) - 13,840
15. Kuwait Petroleum Corp. (Kuwait) - 13,479
16. Iraq National Oil Co. (Iraq) - 12,596
17. Total SA (France) - 12,352
18. Sonatrach (Algeria) - 12,302
19. BHP Billiton (Australia) - 9,802
20. Petrobras (Brazil) - 8,676.

60 percent of these companies are state-owned, while the rest are investor-owned.

Via visualcapitalist.com

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Alex

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.