Summer Ice Extent (1970 - 2100)

In recent decades, sea ice in the Arctic Ocean has been melting faster than it re-freezes in winter.

Summer Ice Extent (1970 - 2100)

The IPCC 5th Assessment Report concluded, with high confidence, that sea ice will continue to decrease in extent, and that there is robust evidence for the downward trend in Arctic summer sea ice extent since 1979. It has been established that the region is at its warmest for at least 40 thousand years and the Arctic-wide melt season has lengthened at a rate of five days per decade.'

Annual maximum and minimum arctic sea ice extent (1979 and 2018)
Annual maximum and minimum arctic sea ice extent (1979 and 2018)
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Alex

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.