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Coal Phase Out Plan in the EU, 2017 - 2031

The plan to phase out coal power stations across the European Union (EU) reflects a broader commitment to transition towards a more sustainable and low-carbon energy landscape. Recognizing the environmental impact and contribution to greenhouse gas emissions associated with coal-fired power generation, the EU has been actively working on strategies to decarbonize its energy sector.

This comprehensive plan involves a gradual and systematic reduction in the use of coal for power generation, aligning with the EU's overarching goals of achieving carbon neutrality and mitigating climate change. It includes the development and implementation of policies that encourage the closure of existing coal power plants, stringent emissions standards, and a transition towards cleaner energy sources such as renewables.

The map below created byClimate Analytics, shows a plan to phase out coal power stations across the EU from 2017 to 2031.

The top 10 coal power plants in Euorpe:
1. Bełchatów Power Station (Poland) – 5,472MW (4th largest coal plant in the world)
2. Neurath Power Station (Germany) – 4,400MW
3. Drax Power Station (UK) – 3,960MW
4. Niederaussem Power Station (Germany) – 3,864MW
5. Jänschwalde Power Station (Germany) – 3,000MW
6. Kozienice Power Station (Poland) – 2,840MW
7. Brindisi Sud Power station (Italy) – 2,640MW
8. Turceni Power Station (Romania) – 2,640MW
9. Boxberg Power Station (Germany) – 2,575MW
10. Frimmersdorf Power Station (Germany) – 2,413MW

Various EU member states have committed to phasing out coal power, either by setting specific timelines for the closure of coal plants or by investing in alternative energy technologies. The initiative not only addresses environmental concerns but also recognizes the economic and social impacts on regions traditionally dependent on coal.

Additionally, the EU has established funding mechanisms and support programs to facilitate the transition for regions heavily reliant on coal-based economies, aiming to ensure a fair and just shift towards a more sustainable energy future. This multifaceted approach emphasizes the need for a coordinated effort at both the EU and member state levels to achieve a successful and equitable phase-out of coal power stations.

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