Kilograms per Capita of Plastic Waste in Europe

Plastics are inexpensive, lightweight and durable materials, which easily can be shaped into a variety of products that find use in a wide range of applications. Not surprisingly, production and consumption of plastics have increased significantly over the last 60 years (Hopewell et al., 2009). As a result, a waste plastic generation has grown significantly over the last decades.

300 million tonnes of plastics are produced globally every year, with production expected to double in the next 20 years. By 2050, the plastics industry could account for 15 percent of the global carbon budget. Europe’s total demand for plastic has risen to 49 million tonnes per year, of which 40 percent is used for packaging. The majority of this plastic packaging is used only once, with 95 percent of its value lost to the economy after this first use, a loss with an estimated value of EUR 100 billion globally.

Kilograms per Capita of Plastic Waste

Approximately 42% of the plastics produced globally since 1950 have been used for packaging, which, at 40%, continues to be the biggest market for plastics in Europe today.

Since the use of plastic packaging for food became common in Europe in the 1950s, the levels of plastic packaging and food waste per capita have grown simultaneously, with annual levels in excess of 15 million tonnes or 30kg plastic packaging waste per capita, and of 31 million tonnes or 70kg household food waste per capita.
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Alex E

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.