Visual impacts of artificial sky brightness in Europe

More than 99 percent of European populations live under light-polluted skies. The Milky Way is hidden from more than 60 percent of Europeans and nearly 80% of North Americans. Moreover, 88 percent of the European’s land surfaces between 75°N and 60°S experience light-polluted nights
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Visual impacts of artificial sky brightness in Europe

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Alex E

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.