Conservation International defines 35 biodiversity hotspots - extraordinary places that harbor a vast number of plant and animal species nowhere else. All are heavily threatened by habitat loss and degradation, making their conservation crucial to protecting nature for the benefit of all life on Earth.

Biodiversity Hotspots
Source: www.e-education.psu.edu
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Alex E

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.