Arctic sea ice at record lows

In November, the sea ice extent averaged 9.08 million square kilometers (3.52 million square miles) - the lowest November extent in the satellite record.

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Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.