How Germany generates its electricity

Fossil fuels supplied 99% of German energy in 1965, 89% in 1990 and 79.7% in 2015. Renewables supplied around a third of German electricity in 2015.

Wind was the top renewable energy source in 2015, supplying 46% of renewables’ share. Biomass supplied 26% and solar 20%, with 10% from hydro. Renewables have grown rapidly from a low starting point, with wind more than doubling since 2005 and solar tripling.

Distribution of electricity generating capacity in Germany
How Germany generates its electricity
Total: 191,153 MW
Renewables total: 101,701 MW

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Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.