Even when household appliances are turned off, most are still using electricity. Appliances are either in passive standby mode (the clock on the microwave is still ticking) or active standby mode (the VCR is off), but programmed to record something.
These numbers are for average standby modes, showing how much electicity is sucked out annually, in kilowatt hours, and what is costs you - assuming 11 cents per kilowatt hour. Red lines show passive standby mode; blue lines show active standby mode.

Vampire Energy
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Alex E

Ecoclimax is defined by Odum (1969) as the culmination state after a succession in a stabilized ecosystem in which maximum biomass (or high information content) and symbiotic function among organisms is kept per unit of available energy flow.